Since there are many different types of psychiatric illnesses, I will just key in on the most prevalent of them. The usual treatment of Depression and Anxiety Disorders is with an Antidepressant medication and Psychotherapy. As far as we know at the present, there is a chemical imbalance in the neurotransmitters Serotonin, Norepinephrine, and Dopamine. There seems to be a deficiency of these neurotransmitters. This deficiency is corrected while one is taking the Antidepressant medication. It can take up to approximately four to six weeks for the Antidepressant medication to reveal it's true efficacy; but within even the first few weeks, many people see improvement in their depressive symptoms also with the amount of worry decreasing along with their physical anxiety symptoms.
Sometimes, it is necessary to give an anti-anxiety medication, such as, Klonopin, Ativan, or Xanax for the first four weeks if the anxiety symptoms are very intense. This is prescribed for a short amount of time usually, because these medications, unlike antidepressant medications are addictive. We give them along with the antidepressant for the first four weeks to give the antidepressant time to show it's full effect. After this time, a taper off is usually tried.
Side effects that may occur with the antidepressants include: upset stomach, headache, diarrhea or constipation, decreased libido, weight gain or weight loss. The side effects are a little different depending on the one you are started on to initiate treatment. Many side effects get better and go away after the first week of treatment.
Some of the side effects of the benzodiazepines (i.e. Klonopin, Ativan, Xanax), are psychomotor slowing and sedation. Therefore, you have to know how you are functioning after you take this especially before you get behind the wheel of a car.
The success rate of being treated with these agents is pretty high. It is 75% effective even with the first antidepressant tried. Sometimes, though people have untoward side effects initially that would be too bothersome to continue on the particular antidepressant. At that time, the medication is switched.
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This article is for informational purposes only and not to be used in diagnosing or treating any potential illness